Social-Emotional Inhibition of Return in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Versus Typical Development.

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TitleSocial-Emotional Inhibition of Return in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Versus Typical Development.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAntezana, L, Mosner, MG, Troiani, V, Yerys, BE
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume46
Issue4
Pagination1236-46
Date Published2016 Apr
ISSN1573-3432
KeywordsAdolescent, Attention, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Case-Control Studies, Child, Cues, Emotions, Female, Humans, Inhibition, Psychological, Male, Orientation, Social Behavior
Abstract

In typical development there is a bias to orient visual attention to social information. Children with ASD do not reliably demonstrate this bias, and the role of attention orienting has not been well studied. We examined attention orienting via the inhibition of return (IOR) mechanism in a spatial cueing task using social-emotional cues; we studied 8- to 17-year-old children with ASD (n = 41) and typically developing controls (TDC) (n = 25). The ASD group exhibited a significantly stronger IOR effect than the TDC group, and the IOR effect correlated positively with social impairments but was unrelated to co-occurring ADHD or anxiety symptoms. The results provide evidence of an early altered attention mechanism that is associated with to core social deficits in ASD.

DOI10.1007/s10803-015-2661-9
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID26586556
PubMed Central IDPMC5018829
Grant ListP30 HD026979 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R21MH092615 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K23 MH086111 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K23MH086111 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
P30HD026979 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
RC1MH088791 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R21 MH092615 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
RC1 MH088791 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
U54 HD086984 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
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