Social analogical reasoning in school-aged children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing peers.

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TitleSocial analogical reasoning in school-aged children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing peers.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsGreen, AE, Kenworthy, L, Gallagher, NM, Antezana, L, Mosner, MG, Krieg, S, Dudley, K, Ratto, A, Yerys, BE
JournalAutism
Volume21
Issue4
Pagination403-411
Date Published2017 05
ISSN1461-7005
KeywordsAdolescent, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Case-Control Studies, Child, Cognition, Comprehension, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Social Behavior
Abstract

Analogical reasoning is an important mechanism for social cognition in typically developing children, and recent evidence suggests that some forms of analogical reasoning may be preserved in autism spectrum disorder. An unanswered question is whether children with autism spectrum disorder can apply analogical reasoning to social information. In all, 92 children with autism spectrum disorder completed a social content analogical reasoning task presented via photographs of real-world social interactions. Autism spectrum disorder participants exhibited performance that was well above chance and was not significantly worse than age- and intelligence quotient-matched typically developing children. Investigating the relationship of social content analogical reasoning performance to age in this cross-sectional dataset indicated similar developmental trajectories in the autism spectrum disorder and typically developing children groups. These findings provide new support for intact analogical reasoning in autism spectrum disorder and have theoretical implications for analogy as a metacognitive skill that may be at least partially dissociable from general deficits in processing social content. As an initial study of social analogical reasoning in children with autism spectrum disorder, this study focused on a basic research question with limited ecological validity. Evidence that children with autism spectrum disorder can apply analogical reasoning ability to social content may have long-range applied implications for exploring how this capacity might be channeled to improve social cognition in daily life.

DOI10.1177/1362361316644728
Alternate JournalAutism
PubMed ID27178998
PubMed Central IDPMC6085745
Grant ListK23 MH086111 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R21 MH092615 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
U54 HD086984 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
RC1 MH088791 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
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