Sleep in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

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TitleSleep in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSouders, MC, Zavodny, S, Eriksen, W, Sinko, R, Connell, J, Kerns, C, Schaaf, R, Pinto-Martin, J
JournalCurr Psychiatry Rep
Volume19
Issue6
Pagination34
Date Published2017 Jun
ISSN1535-1645
KeywordsAutism Spectrum Disorder, Child, Humans, Sleep Wake Disorders
Abstract

The purposes of this paper are to provide an overview of the state of the science of sleep in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), present hypotheses for the high prevalence of insomnia in children with ASD, and present a practice pathway for promoting optimal sleep. Approximately two thirds of children with ASD have chronic insomnia, and to date, the strongest evidence on promoting sleep is for sleep education, environmental changes, behavioral interventions, and exogenous melatonin. The Sleep Committee of the Autism Treatment Network (ATN) developed a practice pathway, based on expert consensus, to capture best practices for screening, identification, and treatment for sleep problems in ASD in 2012. An exemplar case is presented to integrate key constructs of the practice pathway and address arousal and sensory dysregulation in a child with ASD and anxiety disorder. This paper concludes with next steps for dissemination of the practice pathway and future directions for research of sleep problems in ASD.

DOI10.1007/s11920-017-0782-x
Alternate JournalCurr Psychiatry Rep
PubMed ID28502070
PubMed Central IDPMC5846201
Grant ListK23 HD087472 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States