Sensory integration therapies for children with developmental and behavioral disorders.

New CAR Research Sheds Light on

 

Universal Screening for Autism in Toddlers

TitleSensory integration therapies for children with developmental and behavioral disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsZimmer, M, Desch, L
Corporate AuthorsSection On Complementary And Integrative Medicine, Council on Children with Disabilities, American Academy of Pediatrics
JournalPediatrics
Volume129
Issue6
Pagination1186-9
Date Published2012 Jun
ISSN1098-4275
KeywordsChild, Child Behavior Disorders, Developmental Disabilities, Humans, Occupational Therapy, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Sensation Disorders
Abstract

Sensory-based therapies are increasingly used by occupational therapists and sometimes by other types of therapists in treatment of children with developmental and behavioral disorders. Sensory-based therapies involve activities that are believed to organize the sensory system by providing vestibular, proprioceptive, auditory, and tactile inputs. Brushes, swings, balls, and other specially designed therapeutic or recreational equipment are used to provide these inputs. However, it is unclear whether children who present with sensory-based problems have an actual "disorder" of the sensory pathways of the brain or whether these deficits are characteristics associated with other developmental and behavioral disorders. Because there is no universally accepted framework for diagnosis, sensory processing disorder generally should not be diagnosed. Other developmental and behavioral disorders must always be considered, and a thorough evaluation should be completed. Difficulty tolerating or processing sensory information is a characteristic that may be seen in many developmental behavioral disorders, including autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, developmental coordination disorders, and childhood anxiety disorders. Occupational therapy with the use of sensory-based therapies may be acceptable as one of the components of a comprehensive treatment plan. However, parents should be informed that the amount of research regarding the effectiveness of sensory integration therapy is limited and inconclusive. Important roles for pediatricians and other clinicians may include discussing these limitations with parents, talking with families about a trial period of sensory integration therapy, and teaching families how to evaluate the effectiveness of a therapy.

DOI10.1542/peds.2012-0876
Alternate JournalPediatrics
PubMed ID22641765
Comments
Leave a Comment