Screening for autism in older and younger toddlers with the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers.

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TitleScreening for autism in older and younger toddlers with the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsPandey, J, Verbalis, A, Robins, DL, Boorstein, H, Klin, AMI, Babitz, T, Chawarska, K, Volkmar, F, Green, J, Barton, M, Fein, D
JournalAutism
Volume12
Issue5
Pagination513-35
Date Published2008 Sep
ISSN1362-3613
KeywordsAutistic Disorder, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Male, Mass Screening, Observer Variation, Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract

The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) was used to screen younger (16-23 months) versus older (24-30 months) high- and low-risk toddlers. Refusal rates for follow-up interview showed no group differences, but parents of younger/low-risk children were more likely to refuse evaluation than parents of high-risk children. PPP for an ASD diagnosis was: younger/high-risk 0.79, older/high-risk 0.74, younger/low-risk 0.28, and older/low-risk 0.61, with PPP differing by age within the low-risk group. Most of the children in all groups, however, were diagnosed with a developmental disorder. Symptom severity generally did not differ among groups. Cognitive and adaptive measures showed minimal group differences. Therefore, older and younger toddlers had similar symptomatology and developmental delays; PPP for ASD is better at 24 than 18 months for low-risk children; however, these children are still highly likely to show a developmental disorder. Clinical decision making should balance early identification against the lower specificity of M-CHAT screening for the younger/low-risk group.

DOI10.1177/1362361308094503
Alternate JournalAutism
PubMed ID18805945
Grant ListR01 HD039961 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States