School Discipline, Hospitalization, and Police Contact Overlap Among Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

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TitleSchool Discipline, Hospitalization, and Police Contact Overlap Among Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsTurcotte, P, Shea, LL, Mandell, D
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume48
Issue3
Pagination883-891
Date Published2018 03
ISSN1573-3432
KeywordsAdolescent, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Caregivers, Child, Female, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Police, Schools, Surveys and Questionnaires, Young Adult
Abstract

The objective was to examine the frequency, correlates, and overlap of school disciplinary actions, psychiatric hospitalizations, and police contact among children and adolescents with autism. Survey results from 2525 caregivers of individuals with autism in elementary through high school were examined. Logistic regression was used to examine predictors of each outcome. Youth with autism most frequently experienced school disciplinary action (15.0%), followed by police contact (7.9%) and hospitalization (7.8%). Experiencing any one of the three events increased risk of experiencing either of the other events. Strong associations between traumatic experiences such as police contact and hospitalizations (OR 9.2), need to be explored to determine risk factors for potential intervention. Further research is needed to determine the temporal ordering of these outcomes.

DOI10.1007/s10803-017-3359-y
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID29164437