The role of emotion regulation in autism spectrum disorder.

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TitleThe role of emotion regulation in autism spectrum disorder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMazefsky, CA, Herrington, J, Siegel, M, Scarpa, A, Maddox, BB, Scahill, L, White, SW
JournalJ Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry
Volume52
Issue7
Pagination679-88
Date Published2013 Jul
ISSN1527-5418
KeywordsBrain, Child Development Disorders, Pervasive, Emotions, Humans
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with amplified emotional responses and poor emotional control, but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. This article provides a conceptual and methodologic framework for understanding compromised emotion regulation (ER) in ASD.METHOD: After defining ER and related constructs, methods to study ER were reviewed with special consideration on how to apply these approaches to ASD. Against the backdrop of cognitive characteristics in ASD and existing ER theories, available research was examined to identify likely contributors to emotional dysregulation in ASD.RESULTS: Little is currently known about ER in youth with ASD. Some mechanisms that contribute to poor ER in ASD may be shared with other clinical populations (e.g., physiologic arousal, degree of negative and positive affect, alterations in the amygdala and prefrontal cortex), whereas other mechanisms may be more unique to ASD (e.g., differences in information processing/perception, cognitive factors [e.g., rigidity], less goal-directed behavior and more disorganized emotion in ASD).CONCLUSIONS: Although assignment of concomitant psychiatric diagnoses is warranted in some cases, poor ER may be inherent in ASD and may provide a more parsimonious conceptualization for the many associated socioemotional and behavioral problems in this population. Further study of ER in youth with ASD may identify meaningful subgroups of patients and lead to more effective individualized treatments.

DOI10.1016/j.jaac.2013.05.006
Alternate JournalJ Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry
PubMed ID23800481
PubMed Central IDPMC3719386
Grant ListK23 HD060601 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 MH099021 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K23HD060601 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01MH99021 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States