Real-world executive functioning for autistic children in school and home settings

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TitleReal-world executive functioning for autistic children in school and home settings
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsTschida, JE, Yerys, BE

Executive functioning skills are important for children to be able to control thoughts, emotions, and actions, and for
their ability to adapt to different settings. Previous studies have found that autistic children have difficulty with executive
functioning, but most of these studies took place in the home setting. Executive functioning skills in autistic children have
not yet been fully examined in the school setting. This is a knowledge gap that needs to be addressed because the school
setting is potentially one of the most demanding in terms of executive functioning and is a setting where executive
function interventions are already being used for autistic children. In order to learn more about executive functioning
for autistic children in the school setting, this study compared ratings of executive function from autistic children’s
caregivers and school professionals. The study found that autistic children experience similar but not identical executive
function challenges across school and home settings and that supports may differ in each setting. Having information
about differences in executive functioning challenges and supports for autistic children across settings can help lead to
development of supports that are tailored to each setting.