Neural evidence for an association between social proficiency and sensitivity to social reward.

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TitleNeural evidence for an association between social proficiency and sensitivity to social reward.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGossen, A, Groppe, SE, Winkler, L, Kohls, G, Herrington, J, Schultz, RT, Gründer, G, Spreckelmeyer, KN
JournalSoc Cogn Affect Neurosci
Volume9
Issue5
Pagination661-70
Date Published2014 May
ISSN1749-5024
KeywordsAnticipation, Psychological, Brain, Brain Mapping, Cues, Emotional Intelligence, Empathy, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Nonverbal Communication, Pattern Recognition, Visual, Personality, Reaction Time, Reward, Social Perception, Surveys and Questionnaires, Task Performance and Analysis, Video Recording, Young Adult
Abstract

Data from developmental psychology suggests a link between the growth of socio-emotional competences and the infant's sensitivity to the salience of social stimuli. The aim of the present study was to find evidence for this relationship in healthy adults. Thirty-five participants were recruited based on their score above the 85th or below the 15th percentile of the empathy quotient questionnaire (EQ, Baron-Cohen and Wheelwright, 2004). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to compare neural responses to cues of social and non-social (monetary) reward. When compared to the high-EQ group, the low-EQ group showed reduced activity of the brain s reward system, specifically the right nucleus accumbens, in response to cues predictive of social reward (videos showing gestures of approval)-but increased activation in this area for monetary incentives. Our data provide evidence for a link between self-reported deficits in social proficiency and reduced sensitivity to the motivational salience of positive social stimuli.

DOI10.1093/scan/nst033
Alternate JournalSoc Cogn Affect Neurosci
PubMed ID23512930
PubMed Central IDPMC4014106
Grant ListP30 HD026979 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
P30HD026979 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
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