The modular organization of human anatomical brain networks: Accounting for the cost of wiring.

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TitleThe modular organization of human anatomical brain networks: Accounting for the cost of wiring.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBetzel, RF, Medaglia, JD, Papadopoulos, L, Baum, GL, Gur, R, Gur, R, Roalf, D, Satterthwaite, TD, Bassett, DS
JournalNetwork Neuroscience
Volume1
Issue1
Pagination42-68
Date Published04/2017
Abstract

Brain networks are expected to be modular. However, existing techniques for estimating a network’s modules make it difficult to assess the influence of organizational principles such as wiring cost reduction on the detected modules. Here we present a modification of an existing module detection algorithm that allowed us to focus on connections that are unexpected under a cost-reduction wiring rule and to identify modules from among these connections. We applied this technique to anatomical brain networks and showed that the modules we detected differ from those detected using the standard technique. We demonstrated that these novel modules are spatially distributed, exhibit unique functional fingerprints, and overlap considerably with rich clubs, giving rise to an alternative and complementary interpretation of the functional roles of specific brain regions. Finally, we demonstrated that, using the modified module detection approach, we can detect modules in a developmental dataset that track normative patterns of maturation. Collectively, these findings support the hypothesis that brain networks are composed of modules and provide additional insight into the function of those modules.

DOI10.1162/NETN_a_00002