Managing complexity: impact of organization and processing style on nonverbal memory in autism spectrum disorders.

New CAR Research Sheds Light on

 

Universal Screening for Autism in Toddlers

TitleManaging complexity: impact of organization and processing style on nonverbal memory in autism spectrum disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsTsatsanis, KD, Noens, ILJ, Illmann, CL, Pauls, DL, Volkmar, FR, Schultz, RT, Klin, A
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume41
Issue2
Pagination135-47
Date Published2011 Feb
ISSN1573-3432
KeywordsAdolescent, Age Factors, Case-Control Studies, Child, Child Development Disorders, Pervasive, Cognition, Executive Function, Female, Humans, Male, Memory, Mental Recall, Psychological Tests
Abstract

The contributions of cognitive style and organization to processing and recalling a complex novel stimulus were examined by comparing the Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) test performance of children, adolescents, and adults with ASD to clinical controls (CC) and non-impaired controls (NC) using the Developmental Scoring System. The ROCF task involves a complex structure with strong organizational or integrative processing demands. The individuals with ASD relied on a predominantly part-oriented strategy to cope with the complexity of the task and did not make the typical developmental shift to a configurational approach. Both processing style and organization (whether pieces of information were perceived as connected to one another in a meaningful way) contributed to structural recall in the ASD group.

DOI10.1007/s10803-010-1139-z
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID21128108
Grant ListMH000508 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
NS16648 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
U19HD35482 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
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