Long-Term Effects of CBT on Social Impairment in Adolescents with ASD.

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TitleLong-Term Effects of CBT on Social Impairment in Adolescents with ASD.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMaddox, BB, Miyazaki, Y, White, SW
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume47
Issue12
Pagination3872-3882
Date Published2017 Dec
ISSN1573-3432
KeywordsAdolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Anxiety, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Child, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Female, Humans, Loneliness, Male, Social Skills, Time, Treatment Outcome
Abstract

Anxiety interventions involving social skills training and CBT for youth with ASD have shown promise, but few studies have examined the effects on social functioning or the maintenance of treatment gains. This study evaluated change in social skills during a randomized controlled trial of CBT and during the 1-year follow-up for 25 adolescents with ASD and anxiety. We examined the effect of pretreatment social anxiety and loneliness on treatment response. Social impairment improved during treatment and continued to improve through the 3-month follow-up. Although adolescents with higher social anxiety had greater pretreatment social impairment, they showed steeper improvement in social skills during treatment. Loneliness was not a significant predictor of change during treatment. CBT targeting social skills and anxiety can lead to long-term improvements in social functioning.

DOI10.1007/s10803-016-2779-4
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID27040557
Grant ListK01 MH079945 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
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