The landscape of NeuroImage-ing research.

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TitleThe landscape of NeuroImage-ing research.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsDworkin, JD, Shinohara, RT, Bassett, DS
JournalNeuroimage
Volume183
Pagination872-883
Date Published2018 12
ISSN1095-9572
KeywordsBibliometrics, Humans, Neuroimaging, Periodicals as Topic
Abstract

As the field of neuroimaging grows, it can be difficult for scientists within the field to gain and maintain a detailed understanding of its ever-changing landscape. While collaboration and citation networks highlight important contributions within the field, the roles of and relations among specific areas of study can remain quite opaque. Here, we apply techniques from network science to map the landscape of neuroimaging research documented in the journal NeuroImage over the past decade. We create a network in which nodes represent research topics, and edges give the degree to which these topics tend to be covered in tandem. The network displays small-world architecture, with communities characterized by common imaging modalities and medical applications, and with hubs that integrate these distinct subfields. Using node-level analysis, we quantify the structural roles of individual topics within the neuroimaging landscape, and find high levels of clustering within the structural MRI subfield as well as increasing participation among topics related to psychiatry. The overall prevalence of a topic is unrelated to the prevalence of its neighbors, but the degree to which a topic becomes more or less popular over time is strongly related to changes in the prevalence of its neighbors. Finally, we incorporate data from PNAS to investigate whether it serves as a trend-setter for topics' use within NeuroImage. We find that popularity trends are correlated across the two journals, and that changes in popularity tend to occur earlier within PNAS among growing topics. Broadly, this work presents a cohesive model for understanding the emergent relationships and dynamics of research topics within NeuroImage.

DOI10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.09.005
Alternate JournalNeuroimage
PubMed ID30195054
PubMed Central IDPMC6197920
Grant ListR01 NS060910 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
R01 NS085211 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States