Interactional Synchrony and Its Association with Social and Communication Ability in Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.

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TitleInteractional Synchrony and Its Association with Social and Communication Ability in Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsZampella, CJ, Csumitta, KD, Simon, E, Bennetto, L
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume50
Issue9
Pagination3195-3206
Date Published2020 Sep
ISSN1573-3432
KeywordsAdolescent, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Child, Communication, Female, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Peer Group, Prospective Studies
Abstract

Social partners tend to coordinate their behaviors in time. This "interactional synchrony" is associated with a host of positive social outcomes, making it ripe for study in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty children with ASD and 17 typically developing (TD) children participated in conversations with familiar and unfamiliar adults. Conversations were rated for movement synchrony and verbal synchrony, and mothers completed measures regarding children's everyday social and communication skills. Children with ASD exhibited less interactional synchrony, with familiar and unfamiliar partners, than TD peers. Beyond group-level differences, interactional synchrony negatively correlated with autism symptom severity, and predicted dimensional scores on established social and communication measures. Results suggest that disrupted interactional synchrony may be associated with impaired social functioning in ASD.

DOI10.1007/s10803-020-04412-8
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID32065341
PubMed Central IDPMC7569722
Grant ListR01 DC009439 / DC / NIDCD NIH HHS / United States