The Flexibility Scale: Development and Preliminary Validation of a Cognitive Flexibility Measure in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

New CAR Research Sheds Light on

 

Universal Screening for Autism in Toddlers

TitleThe Flexibility Scale: Development and Preliminary Validation of a Cognitive Flexibility Measure in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsStrang, JF, Anthony, LG, Yerys, BE, Hardy, KK, Wallace, GL, Armour, AC, Dudley, K, Kenworthy, L
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume47
Issue8
Pagination2502-2518
Date Published2017 08
ISSN1573-3432
KeywordsAdolescent, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Case-Control Studies, Child, Cognition, Executive Function, Female, Humans, Male, Psychological Tests, Social Behavior
Abstract

Flexibility is a key component of executive function, and is related to everyday functioning and adult outcomes. However, existing informant reports do not densely sample cognitive aspects of flexibility; the Flexibility Scale (FS) was developed to address this gap. This study investigates the validity of the FS in 221 youth with ASD and 57 typically developing children. Exploratory factor analysis indicates a five-factor scale: Routines/rituals, transitions/change, special interests, social flexibility, and generativity. The FS demonstrated convergent and divergent validity with comparative domains of function in other measures, save for the Generativity factor. The FS discriminated participants with ASD and controls. Thus, this study suggests the FS may be a viable, comprehensive measure of flexibility in everyday settings.

DOI10.1007/s10803-017-3152-y
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID28527097
Grant ListK23 MH086111 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R21 MH092615 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States