Executive functioning but not IQ or illness severity predicts occupational status in bipolar disorder.

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TitleExecutive functioning but not IQ or illness severity predicts occupational status in bipolar disorder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsDrakopoulos, J, Sparding, T, Clements, C, Pålsson, E, Landén, M
JournalInt J Bipolar Disord
Volume8
Issue1
Pagination7
Date Published2020 Feb 07
ISSN2194-7511
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is associated with significant functional deficits including occupational functioning. Despite the high rates of unemployment and sick leave in the patient population, only a limited number of studies have examined factors associated with occupational functioning in bipolar disorder. The aim of the study was to investigate the relative importance of demographic, clinical, and neuropsychological factors on occupational dysfunction in bipolar disorder.

METHODS: A sample of 120 partially or fully remitted bipolar disorder I and II patients were included in the study. Patients were stratified into an active and an inactive group based on the number of hours per week working or studying. Active (n = 86) and inactive (n = 34) patients were compared with respect to demographic factors, clinical characteristics, medication, measures of psychosocial functioning, and cognitive functioning (i.e., IQ and executive functions). No other cognitive domains were examined.

RESULTS: Univariate analyses revealed better overall cognitive function in active patients in terms of IQ and executive functioning. However, only executive functioning accounted for a significant amount of the variance in occupational status when other significant predictors were taken into account.

CONCLUSIONS: Executive functioning was a more powerful predictor of occupational status in bipolar disorder patients than IQ and other clinical factors, including illness severity.

DOI10.1186/s40345-019-0168-6
Alternate JournalInt J Bipolar Disord
PubMed ID32030544
PubMed Central IDPMC7005229
Grant List2018-02653 / / Vetenskapsrådet /
ALF 20170019 / / Swedish Federal Government /
ALFGBG-716801 / / Swedish Federal Government /