Dismantling the Active Ingredients of an Intervention for Children with Autism.

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TitleDismantling the Active Ingredients of an Intervention for Children with Autism.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPellecchia, M, Connell, JE, Beidas, RS, Xie, M, Marcus, SC, Mandell, DS
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Date Published2015 Sep
KeywordsAutistic Disorder, Child, Early Intervention, Educational, Female, Humans, Male, Schools, Students, Teaching

This study evaluated the association of fidelity to each of the components of the Strategies for Teaching based on Autism Research (STAR) program, a comprehensive treatment package for children with autism that includes discrete trial training, pivotal response training, and teaching in functional routines, on outcomes for 191 students ages 5-8 years in a large public school district. Fidelity to all components was relatively low, despite considerable training and support, suggesting the need to develop new implementation strategies. Fidelity to pivotal response training, but not discrete trial training or functional routines, was positively associated with gains in cognitive ability despite low levels of fidelity, and may be an effective intervention choice in under-resourced settings.

Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID25911305
PubMed Central IDPMC4770807
Grant ListK23 MH099179 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R01 MH083717 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
1R01MH083717 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
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