Diminished social motivation negatively impacts reputation management: autism spectrum disorders as a case in point.

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TitleDiminished social motivation negatively impacts reputation management: autism spectrum disorders as a case in point.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsChevallier, C, Molesworth, C, Happé, F
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue1
Paginatione31107
Date Published2012
ISSN1932-6203
KeywordsAdolescent, Case-Control Studies, Child, Child Development Disorders, Pervasive, Child, Preschool, Humans, Intelligence Tests, Male, Motivation, Social Behavior, Social Perception
Abstract

Human beings are endowed with a unique motivation to be included in social interactions. This natural social motivation, in turn, is thought to encourage behaviours such as flattery or self-deprecation aimed to ease interaction and to enhance the reputation of the individual who produces them. If this is the case, diminished social interest should affect reputation management. Here, we use Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)--primarily characterised by pervasive social disinterest--as a model to investigate the effect of social motivation on reputation management. Children first rated a set of pictures and were then given the opportunity to inflate their initial ratings in front of an experimenter who declared that she had drawn the picture. Contrary to the controls, children with ASD did not enhance their ratings in the drawer's presence. Moreover, participants' flattery behaviour correlated with self-reports of social enjoyment. Our findings point to a link between diminished social interest and reputation management.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0031107
Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
PubMed ID22303483
PubMed Central IDPMC3267764
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