Characterizing the factor structure of parent reported executive function in autism spectrum disorders: the impact of cognitive inflexibility.

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TitleCharacterizing the factor structure of parent reported executive function in autism spectrum disorders: the impact of cognitive inflexibility.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGranader, Y, Wallace, GL, Hardy, KK, Yerys, BE, Lawson, RA, Rosenthal, M, Wills, MC, Dixon, E, Pandey, J, Penna, R, Schultz, RT, Kenworthy, L
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume44
Issue12
Pagination3056-62
Date Published2014 Dec
ISSN1573-3432
KeywordsAdolescent, Child, Child Development Disorders, Pervasive, Child, Preschool, Cognition, Executive Function, Female, Humans, Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Parents, Personality Inventory
Abstract

Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) consistently report executive functioning (EF) deficits. This study investigates the factor structure of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) as reported by parents of children with ASD and typically developing children (TDC). BRIEFs for 411 children with ASD and 467 TDC were examined. Confirmatory factor analysis of a nine-factor model met thresholds for goodness-of-fit in TDC, but not in the ASD sample. We found globally elevated EF problems in the ASD sample, especially on the Shift scale. These findings confirm that children with ASD exhibit significant EF deficits. Further investigation is needed to understand the pervasive nature of cognitive inflexibility in children with ASD.

DOI10.1007/s10803-014-2169-8
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID24972681
Grant ListRC1 MH088791 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
1RC1MH088791 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
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