Brief Report: Performance-Based Executive Functioning Abilities are Associated with Caregiver Report of Adaptive Functioning in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

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TitleBrief Report: Performance-Based Executive Functioning Abilities are Associated with Caregiver Report of Adaptive Functioning in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsUdhnani, MD, Kenworthy, L, Wallace, GL, Yerys, BE
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume50
Issue12
Pagination4541-4547
Date Published2020 Dec
ISSN1573-3432
Abstract

Executive functioning is thought to contribute to adaptive behavior skills development in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, supporting data are largely based on caregiver reports of executive functioning. The current study evaluated whether performance-based measures of executive functioning (working memory and inhibition) explained unique variance in parent-reported adaptive functioning among youth with ASD without an intellectual disability. Both spatial and verbal working memory were associated with adaptive functioning, particularly communication and daily living skills. Our findings demonstrate a robust relationship between working memory and adaptive functioning that translates across different measurement modalities. This preliminary study highlights that targeting executive functioning may be a critical component of an adaptive function training program.

DOI10.1007/s10803-020-04505-4
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID32333300
PubMed Central IDPMC7584745
Grant ListNIH GCRC M01-RR13297 / / General Clinic Research Center /
T32 HD046388 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
P30 HD040677 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
NIMH U54 MH066417 / / National Institute of Mental Health Intramural Research Program /
M01 RR013297 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
NIH IDDRC P30HD40677 / / Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center /
U54 MH066417 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
NIH T32HD046388 / / Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center /