Brief report: generalization weaknesses in verbally fluent children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

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TitleBrief report: generalization weaknesses in verbally fluent children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
Authorsde Marchena, AB, Eigsti, I-M, Yerys, BE
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume45
Issue10
Pagination3370-6
Date Published2015 Oct
ISSN1573-3432
KeywordsAdolescent, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Child, Comprehension, Female, Generalization (Psychology), Humans, Language Development, Male
Abstract

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulty generalizing-i.e., relating new stimuli to past experiences. Few experimental studies have addressed this weakness, despite its impact on intervention effects. In a reanalysis of data (de Marchena et al. Cognition 119(1):96-113, 2011), we tested a novel form of generalization-the ability to transfer a strategy used in one context to a similar context-in verbally fluent youth with ASD and matched typically developing controls. Participants with ASD were subtly less likely to learn from experience; their generalizations were less consistent. Generalization in ASD correlated with receptive vocabulary but not age, suggesting a link to language development. A richer understanding of how to promote generalization in ASD will advance both theory and practice.

DOI10.1007/s10803-015-2478-6
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID26031922
PubMed Central IDPMC4573235
Grant ListT32 NS007413 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
U54 HD086984 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
T32NS007413 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
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