Bayesian regression-based developmental norms for the Benton Facial Recognition Test in males and females.

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TitleBayesian regression-based developmental norms for the Benton Facial Recognition Test in males and females.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsWang, LAL, Herrington, JD, Tunc, B, Schultz, RT
JournalBehav Res Methods
Date Published2020 08

Face identity recognition is important for social interaction and is impaired in a range of clinical disorders, including several neurodevelopmental disorders. The Benton Facial Recognition Test (BFRT; Benton & Van Allen, 1968), a widely used assessment of identity recognition, is the only standardized test of face identity perception, as opposed to face memory, that has been normed on children and adolescents. However, the existing norms for the BFRT are suboptimal, with several ages not represented and no established time limit (which can lead to inflated scores by allowing individuals with prosopagnosia to use feature matching). Here we address these issues with a large normative dataset of children and adolescents (ages 5-17, N = 398) and adults (ages 18-55; N = 120) who completed a time-limited version of the BFRT. Using Bayesian regression, we demonstrate that face identity perception increases asymptotically from childhood through adulthood, and provide continuous norms based on age and sex that can be used to calculate standard scores. We show that our time limit of 16 seconds per item yields scores comparable to the existing norms without time limits from the non-prosopagnostic samples. We also find that females (N = 156) score significantly higher than males (N = 362), supporting the existence of a female superiority effect for face identification. Overall, these results provide more robust norms for the BFRT and promote future research on face identity perception in developmental populations.

Alternate JournalBehav Res Methods
PubMed ID31907754
PubMed Central IDPMC7335687
Grant ListR01 MH073084 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
RC1 MH088791 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
U54 HD086984 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States