Adaptive Behavior in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Flexibility.

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TitleAdaptive Behavior in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Flexibility.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsBertollo, JR, Strang, JF, Anthony, LG, Kenworthy, L, Wallace, GL, Yerys, BE
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume50
Issue1
Pagination42-50
Date Published2020 Jan
ISSN1573-3432
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Child, Female, Humans, Male, Socialization
Abstract

Cognitive and behavioral flexibility are important predictors of adaptive behavior in school-age autistic youth. While prior research has utilized broad measures of flexibility, the current study uses the multi-dimensional Flexibility Scale-Revised to examine which specific flexibility skills relate to adaptive functioning. Through parent-report measures on 216 autistic youth, flexibility explained 22.2% of variance in adaptive socialization skills (p < 0.001). Specifically, Social Flexibility accounted for significant variance in adaptive socialization skills, while Transitions/Change approached significance. In exploratory analyses, flexibility explained 11.5% of variance in Communication skills (p < 0.001). This pattern remained after controlling for co-occurring ADHD symptoms. The current study helps to refine the relationship between flexibility and adaptive behavior, which may ultimately help to inform more targeted interventions.

DOI10.1007/s10803-019-04220-9
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID31520244
Grant ListP30HD026979 / / National Institute for Health /
N/A / / Philadelphia Foundation (US) /
P30H0040677 / / Isadore and Bertha Gudelsky Family Foundation (US) /
SAP # 4100047863 / / Pennsylvania State Department of Health /
R21MH092615 / / National Institute for Health /
#6672 / / Robert Wood Johnson Foundation /
RC1MH088791 / / National Institute for Health /
R21 MH092615 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
SAP #4100042728 / / Pennsylvania State Department of Health /
K23 MH086111 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K23MH086111 / / National Institute for Health /