Adaptive Behavior in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Flexibility.

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TitleAdaptive Behavior in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Flexibility.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsBertollo, JR, Strang, JF, Anthony, LG, Kenworthy, L, Wallace, GL, Yerys, BE
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Date Published2020 Jan
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Child, Female, Humans, Male, Socialization

Cognitive and behavioral flexibility are important predictors of adaptive behavior in school-age autistic youth. While prior research has utilized broad measures of flexibility, the current study uses the multi-dimensional Flexibility Scale-Revised to examine which specific flexibility skills relate to adaptive functioning. Through parent-report measures on 216 autistic youth, flexibility explained 22.2% of variance in adaptive socialization skills (p < 0.001). Specifically, Social Flexibility accounted for significant variance in adaptive socialization skills, while Transitions/Change approached significance. In exploratory analyses, flexibility explained 11.5% of variance in Communication skills (p < 0.001). This pattern remained after controlling for co-occurring ADHD symptoms. The current study helps to refine the relationship between flexibility and adaptive behavior, which may ultimately help to inform more targeted interventions.

Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID31520244
Grant ListP30HD026979 / / National Institute for Health /
N/A / / Philadelphia Foundation (US) /
P30H0040677 / / Isadore and Bertha Gudelsky Family Foundation (US) /
SAP # 4100047863 / / Pennsylvania State Department of Health /
R21MH092615 / / National Institute for Health /
#6672 / / Robert Wood Johnson Foundation /
RC1MH088791 / / National Institute for Health /
R21 MH092615 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
SAP #4100042728 / / Pennsylvania State Department of Health /
K23 MH086111 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K23MH086111 / / National Institute for Health /