Aberrant white matter microstructure in children with 16p11.2 deletions.

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TitleAberrant white matter microstructure in children with 16p11.2 deletions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsOwen, JP, Chang, YShin, Pojman, NJ, Bukshpun, P, Wakahiro, MLJ, Marco, EJ, Berman, JI, Spiro, JE, Chung, WK, Buckner, RL, Roberts, TPL, Nagarajan, SS, Sherr, EH, Mukherjee, P
Corporate AuthorsSimons VIP consortium
JournalJ Neurosci
Volume34
Issue18
Pagination6214-23
Date Published2014 Apr 30
ISSN1529-2401
KeywordsAdolescent, Anisotropy, Autistic Disorder, Biophysics, Brain, Case-Control Studies, Child, Chromosome Deletion, Chromosome Disorders, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16, Cognition Disorders, Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Female, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Intellectual Disability, Leukoencephalopathies, Male, Models, Neurological, Nerve Fibers, Myelinated, Statistics as Topic
Abstract

Copy number variants (CNVs) of the chromosomal locus 16p11.2, consisting of either deletions or duplications, have been implicated in autism, schizophrenia, epilepsy, and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Since abnormal white matter microstructure can be seen in these more broadly defined clinical disorders, we used diffusion magnetic resonance imaging and tract-based spatial statistics to investigate white matter microstructural integrity in human children with 16p11.2 deletions. We show that deletion carriers, compared with typically developing matched controls, have increased axial diffusivity (AD) in many major central white matter tracts, including the anterior corpus callosum as well as bilateral internal and external capsules. Higher AD correlated with lower nonverbal IQ in the deletion carriers, but not controls. Increases in fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity were also found in some of the same tracts with elevated AD. Closer examination with neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging revealed that fiber orientation dispersion was decreased in some central white matter tracts. Notably, these alterations of white matter are unlike microstructural differences reported for any other neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders that have phenotypic overlap with the deletion carriers. These findings suggest that deletion of the 16p11.2 locus is associated with a unique widespread pattern of aberrant white matter microstructure that may underlie the impaired cognition characteristic of this CNV.

DOI10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4495-13.2014
Alternate JournalJ. Neurosci.
PubMed ID24790192
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